1. What is an IEP?
a student’s Individualized Education Program. It assists students in acquiring education tailored to their unique needs.
2. Why is an IEP important?
It allows for a child’s education to be customized according to their special needs. The IEP also records any special assistive technology that a student may need in order to be able to benefit from a general education curriculum.
3. What is Assistive Technology?
Assistive Technology is any device, item, or tool that helps student with special needs function in their classrooms— For example, a blind person may use a software and/or hardware program that reads text (scanned or programmed in the system) aloud. A student may use something as simple as a pencil grip in order to assist with writing. Many students with disabilities need AT in order to have access to a general education curriculum.
4. What is FAPE?
Free, Appropriate Public Education. This means that all children, regardless of disability, are entitled to a free public education that is appropriate to their needs.
5. What were significant changes installed in special education when Individuals with Disabilities Education ACT-IDEA-1990 was passed?
Prior to the IDEA of 1990, Students with disabilities attended school in separate classrooms or in separate facilities. However, when the 1990 IDEA was passed, emphasis was made on access to classrooms. This made clear that students with special need did require to be placed in separate classrooms or facilities. They would have the equal chance to function (with all provisions made to them) in a general education classroom amongst their peers.
6. What is an example of a Assistive Technology device? How can it help the student overcome barriers and accomplish instructional tasks?
An example of an Assistive Technology device is --------, just to name a few.
Some no/low tech. devices are talking spell checkers, pencil grips, and slant boards. Mid-tech. devices have some degree of electronic functioning and require little training. Some examples are portable word processors, multiple-message communication aids, and some alternate computer access devices. High-tech. devices include computers, academic support software, sophisticated communication aids, and more complex computer input systems. These types of devices generally require extensive training and maintenance.
Students with disabilities who are using these devices (as per their individualized needs) are able to overcome many barriers. For example, a pencil grip will assist a child who may already be receiving occupational therapy. The grip will allow the child to hold the pen or pencil in a more comfortable position, thus enable the child to write (better). This will obviously help any student who struggles holding a pencil and therefore, has problems writing simple things or taking notes.
7. What is the most significant difference between the Texas 4-step model and the N.Y. Board of Educating in reference to the IEP?
In the NYC Department of Education, if AT is required the check-box must be checked (located on the cover page of the IEP). Further documentation must be made later in the IEP as to why AT is required. If AT is not required, the check-box does not need to be checked and further documentation is not needed. However, in the Texas 4-step model, if AT is not required, the box may remain unchecked but explanation of why AT is not required is necessary to be documented.